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ROUTE

We leave the Parador through Infantes street, when we reach La Puerta de Segovia we turn left and go straight on towards the Collegiate Church, before we will pass through the gardens of the Alameda del Medio Punto and the Plaza de España.

 

Alameda del Medio Punto

In the 19th century, new species were introduced, especially conifers such as the monumental sequoias, planted before the Royal Collegiate Church, in the gardens of Medio Punto.

 

1. Collegiate church

The Royal Collegiate Church was built by order of Felipe V. The original building belonged to Teodoro Ardemans, who initially built a Royal Chapel, which soon after was erected as the Royal Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity. It was enlarged by the Italians Andrea Procaccini and Sepronio Subissati, to whom are owed the towers and the current head in which the Sacristy and the Chapter House are housed. Inside, the main altarpiece stands out, the work of Teodoro Ardemans, occupied by a large oil painting representing the Holy Trinity, the work of Francisco Solimena. Also noteworthy are the choir stalls and the royal tribune that communicates with the Royal Palace, and that allowed the Kings to attend religious functions.

 

4. Waterfallfountain

Located in front of the facade of the Palace is this spectacular fountain formed by three different ones, among which La Cascada is striking, it is a descent of water simulating stairs. At the base of the fall is the Amphitrite Fountain and in the upper part of the pond that of the Three Graces.

 

5. Jungle fountain

Vertumnus, god of the seasons, does not stop trying to disguise himself so that his beloved Pomona, a Roman goddess of fruits, absorbed in her crops, will listen to him and fall in love with him. Formed by a large pond divided into four, the fountain reflects the moment when Vertumnus finally achieves his goal and uncovers his identity when Pomona surrenders to his charms.

 

6. Garden House of Flowers

It is an annex building to the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso located on the northern edge of the perimeter of this Royal Site. It is part of the "reserved game of the King", or area of the Garden protected from visitors' visits. Located at the end of the Potager garden (Potosí) was the greenhouse built for delicate plants and quality fruits.

 

7. Labyrinth

This is the case with this spectacular labyrinth the size of two football fields, which Dezalliear d’Argenville designed in 1713. Elegantly designed, it occupies a large rectangle of hornbeam and beech hedges and has more than 2,500 meters of promenades.

It is not easy to find a labyrinth of this type in Spain, and this is probably the largest and the best preserved. Anyone who dares to go inside will need at least an hour to find the exit, and it is that the gardeners of the time managed to create a design of the most intricate.

 

8. The Sea Pond

We must highlight the large lake built in the highest part of the park, from whose waters most of the sources are fed. Along the retaining wall, it has a green painted wooden railing, with a wide walkway. On the opposite side of the wall are the Gondola House, the Fish Farm and, further to the right, the Grotto.

 

9. Andromeda Fountain

In the center of the pond rises a tall rock. Andromeda half naked, appears strongly chained to the rocks. Some genie tries to free her. In a lower plane, Perseus slashes the monster, while showing him the head of Medusa to immobilize him. The goddess Minerva, dressed in her weapons, is behind Perseus, in case it is necessary to help him. The main jet comes out of the mouth of the dying dragon and reaches a height of thirty-seven meters, a height only surpassed by the Fountain of Fame. It is part of the Fountain of the Horses.

 

10. Fountain of the Mascarón

This fountain is located between those of Apollo and Neptune, surrounded by two lateral stairways that bridge the gap of 2.60 m, existing between the two plateaus. It is made up of a 3.70 meter high vertical masonry facing, which serves as a containment to the upper terrain of Apollo and by two side faces that accompany the stairs; located between these three vertical walls is a pond that resembles a crescent, formed by a polygonal line closed by a curved section. The entire fountain is topped by a 0.50 meter wide limestone coping.

 

11. The Horse Race

Located to the left of the Palace, it is one of the most spectacular fountains of all and is made up of six: the Fountain of the Caracoles, the Fountain of the Fan, the Fountain of Neptune, the Fountain of Apollo, the Fountain of the Media Luna and the Fountain of Andromeda. The three that refer to the gods represent mythological scenes referring to them.

 

12. Fountain of the three graces

It is a source considered second order and was made by Renato Fremin. It is located on a raised plateau above the Cascada Nueva, serving as its crowning glory. The pond is circular with a diameter of 19 m. It is at ground level and is crowned by a limestone coping, with a carved inner edge of 0.50 meters.

 

13. Source of the winds

Estanque circular dedicado a Eolo. El dios se encuentra encima de un peñasco encerrando a los vientos, personificados por cabezas de niños, en un odre.

 

14. Cups Fountain

They are two very similar second-order sources, made by Renato Fremin. They are separated one from the other about 210 meters, forming with the Dragons (High and Low) a perfect rectangle of 210 X 230 meters, being the center of the Plazuela de las Ocho Calles. The shape of its ponds is the same as Los Dragones, portions of convex curves joined by straight streams.

 

15. Pond the Square

This pond is located about 450 m. from the Palace esplanade, going up Calle de la Medianería, on the right. After El Mar it is the second in importance, both for its size and capacity and for the functions it performs in terms of water distribution in the gardens and outside of them, it supplies directly to six sources, to the Common Uses reservoir and in case of need directly to the town of La Granja.

 

16. Canastillo Fountain

This fountain has no mythological reference and was one of the favorites of the Infanta Isabel for the showiness of its water features. The central fountain of the Canastillo raises its jet up to twenty-five meters high while the pressure of the thirty-two oblique jets on the edge make the water flow out of the fountain.

 

17. Fountain of the eight streets the farm

It is a set of eight sources that represent Saturn, Minerva, Hercules, Ceres, Neptune, La Cibeles, Victoria and Mars. In each one of them a street is born and all lead to a circular square from which all the fountains can be seen and in the center of which there is a statue of Mercury carrying Psyche in his arms.

 

18. Fountain of the Frogs

It represents the punishment of Jupiter to the villagers for refusing to give water to the children of Latona, Apollo and Diana, turning them into frogs. Large jets directed at the center of the fountain emerge from their mouths.

 

19. Diana's Baths

Actaeon plays the flute while Diana enjoys a bath with the help of her nymphs. This source represents the moment before the goddess realizes that Actaeon is looking at her and wishes to turn him into a deer, a wish that is fulfilled and that causes Aristeo's son to end up being eaten by her own dogs. The sculptural ensemble turns its back to a high wall in whose central body there is a vase with flowers and on its sides two pilasters that, with their different decreasing levels, make the play of the falling water spectacular. This fountain was the last to be built.

 

20. Hermitage of San Ildefonso

At first it was a hunting lodge erected in the Valsaín Valley area by Enrique III at the end of the 14th century and which received the name of Casa del Bosque de Segovia. The Catholic Monarchs consolidated the use of the Valsain Mountains as a royal hunting ground and during the reign of Enrique IV (1450) a Royal House and the current San Ildefonso Hermitage were built, dedicated to the Archbishop of San Ildefonso, in a picturesque site called el Casar del Pollo.

Both constructions became the property of the Jerónimos Monks of El Parral de Segovia and in 1477 the Catholic Monarchs donated the Royal House of San Ildefonso to this community of religious who, on the land of the donated property, built a guesthouse and a farm, From where the name of this place derives, La Granja de San Ildefonso.

Resultados de traduThe Pear Mass

La misa de la pera: https://elsitiodeconcha.wordpress.com/2016/09/05/la-misa-de-la-pera/

 

21. Fame

Fame celebrates his victory by blowing his trumpet on the back of Pegasus while Ignorance and Envy, personified by defeated warriors, fall from the rock on which the goddess stands. Located to the right of the main door, in the parterre of yew and boxwood to which it gives its name, this fountain has a circular pond measuring thirty-two square meters and has twenty-one fountains. The central jet, which comes out of the trumpet of the goddess, reaches a height of forty-seven meters.

 

22. “La Chata”

Of the real characters that have passed through the Farm since Felipe V, Isabel de Borbón (La Chata) is the one that has been most deeply engraved in the popular memory of the municipality.

First-born daughter of Isabel II, older sister of Alfonso XII, aunt of Alfonso XIII, Infanta Isabel is a secondary character, but of great importance, in the history of the Spanish Monarchy of the last century. Married to Cayetano de Borbón Dos Sicilias, suffering from epilepsy, La Chata was soon widowed, three years after her marriage, after the tragic suicide of her husband.

Her connection to La Granja de la Infanta Isabel was very intense from her youth. She was a great fan of life in the open air, hunting parties in Riofrío and horseback riding in the mountains. But perhaps an important part of her connection to La Granja, in the opinion of some, was probably in part conditioned by her relationship, now a widow, with Joaquín María de Castellarnau, a forestry engineer from the Royal House, researcher and naturist, destined then in the Pinar de Valsaín and married to a noblewoman from Segovia.


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